To download a pdf of this statement please go here: CARS_Statement_on_School_Reopening.pdf
COVID-19 Increases Urgency to Prioritize Supportive Services and to Reduce the Use of Exclusionary and Dangerous Interventions of Time Out Rooms, Seclusion and Restraint.
Most every public school student in Maine left their school buildings in March due to the COVID-19 pandemic. As a result, the 2019-2020 school year may turn out to be the first time in seven years that Maine’s record-high use of restraint and seclusion did not increase. Maine schools use restraint and seclusion at a rate four times the national average with over 22,000 during the 2018-2019 school year alone. Students, faculty, and staff in Maine have not had to endure these dangerous interventions for the past five months and we believe they deserve to begin the new school year safely. We urge school districts to take this opportunity to commit to supporting students without the use of time out rooms, seclusion, or restraint.
The law regarding the use of restraint and seclusion in Maine schools has not changed. The Maine Department of Education (MDOE) Chapter 33 Rule recognizes that restraint and seclusion do not have any therapeutic or educational benefit and they can only be used as emergency interventions when there is a risk of injury or harm and only after less intrusive interventions have failed. Chapter 33 prioritizes the use of behavior assessment, intervention, and strategies to address problem behaviors through skill building and environmental modifications in order to avoid situations where an emergency might be created. Chapter 33 also requires detailed documentation and reporting to ensure that parents and the MDOE are notified. And, it includes debriefing requirements for not only the student and staff involved, but also for the school to assess aggregate data to identify areas where they could reduce the use of future emergency interventions.
As schools reopen, there will be a great need to address the social emotional and behavioral needs of all students, through school wide approaches and systems. In addition, schools must continue the individualized planning process for students that are served under IDEA and Section 504. The MDOE highlights the need to focus on student supports in Parts II-IV of their ‘Framework for Reopening Schools and Returning to In-Person Instruction’, available at: https://www.maine.gov/doe/framework. We urge school districts to begin the year working collaboratively with parents and students to avoid incidents that may lead to the use of these exclusionary and dangerous interventions.
MeCARS is also concerned that schools might use seclusion related to COVID-19. In MDOE’s Framework, they require schools to designate a medical isolation room for students and staff who exhibit COVID-19 symptoms during the school day. If medical isolation isn’t voluntary, at a minimum it must be recorded as seclusion and follow Chapter 33.
On 8/14/2020, MDOE issued guidance that included ‘Physical Restraint/Seclusion and COVID-19.’ MDOE appropriately highlights the heightened risk of transferring COVID-19 when a staff restrains or secludes a student. And, they state that “students involved in emergency physical restraint and seclusion should have a free and unobstructed airway and should not be wearing a face covering during a physical restraint or seclusion.”
To proactively address these concerns, MDOE may want to consider reviewing schools’ historical use of restraint and seclusion to focus on schools that may need additional support in preventing the use of these dangerous interventions that have been made even more unsafe due to COVID-19. That data is available at: https://www.maine.gov/doe/schools/safeschools/restraint
CARS RECOMMENDED RESOURCES 2020
Maine Department of Education:
-MDOE’s restraint and seclusion website includes information on data, training, and Chapter 33 requirements, available at:
-Positive Behavior Intervention and Supports (PBIS), available at:
-MDOE 8/14/2020 guidance, “Guidance on PPE, Toileting, Restraint & Seclusion”, available at: https://www.maine.gov/doe/sites/maine.gov.doe/files/inline-files/Guidance%20on%20PPE%20Toileting%20Restraint%20%20Seclusion%208.14.20_0.pdf
National Disability Rights Network:
-2020-21 School Reopening Principles, available at: https://www.ndrn.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/NDRN-School-Reopening-FINAL-.pdf
U.S. Department of Education:
-Restraint and Seclusion: Resource Document, available at: https://www2.ed.gov/policy/seclusion/restraint-and-seclusion-resource-document.html
-Reports, Testimony and Letters Regarding Seclusions and Restraints, available at:
-Dear Colleague Letter: Restraint and Seclusion of Students with Disabilities, available at:
-Fact Sheet: Restraint and Seclusion of Students with Disabilities, available at:
-Ideas that Work Three-part webinar series on Continuity of Learning and Return to School during COVID-19, available at:
-Supporting and Responding to Behavior: Evidence-Based Classroom Strategies for Teachers, available at:
The Center on Positive Behavior Interventions and Support:
-Dr. George Sugai explores how to leverage multi-tiered systems to plan for navigating our current reality as a result of the pandemic, video available at:
Dr. Ross Greene, Lives in the Balance:
-New Website to Help End Restraint and Seclusion, available at: https://truecrisisprevention.org/
-One Maine school district found that the use of Dr. Greene’s approach reduced their use of restraint and seclusion, available at:
Disability Rights Maine:-Restraint And Seclusion In Maine Schools, Reviewing the First Six Years of Data Required by MDOE Rule Chapter 33, available at: https://drme.org/assets/brochures/CH33.Report.FINAL.2019.pdf
Parental Notification of Chapter 33, The Rule Governing Physical Restraint and Seclusion. Available from the Autism Society of Maine at: https://www.asmonline.org/Pdf/Resources/WEB%20Parental%20Notification%20of%20Ch%2033%20D1%20-%20correction.pdf
The Maine Developmental Disabilities Council is collecting public input on the issues facing people with developmental disabilities in Maine! The data collected will be used to inform our next five year plan – this is the guiding document that determines how we will focus our funding and resources in the next five years.
Getting the input of self-advocates, family and caregivers, and other stakeholders is critical to our work! We need to hear from you about the state of services for people with developmental disabilities, and your opinions about what issues need the most focus right now. Please help us understand what is most important to making Maine’s service system more effective, more human-centered and inclusive, and more able to meet the diverse needs of our community!
Fill out the survey here, and make sure you give this link to everyone you know: https://forms.gle/Et1fceGbQCWcB7Ao8
This letter, co-signed by our organization as well as Maine Parent Federation and the Autism Society of Maine, was recently sent to the Maine Department of Education, the legislative members of the Appropriations and Financial Affairs and Education and Cultural Affairs Committees, and local media outlets. For a pdf version of this letter, click here.
To Whom it May Concern
On many levels, Maine is struggling with how to raise our children in the midst of a pandemic. How will the economy reopen? How can we prevent getting sick? What about childcare? And the all-important question, how will schools reopen?
It appears that children are generally less affected by COVID-19, but there is also the concern about their parents and caregivers, as well as school staff and teachers, especially those in high risk groups. “What is the best way to balance those needs?” has been echoed through the news, social media feeds, and by our national, state and local government leaders. But how does COVID-19 affect the 23% Maine children who have special healthcare conditions? 
COVID-19 is still a very young virus. We don’t know much about how it affects us. However, research is finding that children with underlying health conditions are much more at risk for complications and severe illness from COVID 19 than children without underlying conditions. For example, one study found children with Intellectual or Developmental Disabilities much more likely to have a more severe reaction to COVID-19, while another study showed that COVID-19 may be exacerbated in children with asthma (7.5% https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/asthma.htm) and recommends that these children should be watched carefully.
State-level discussions regarding the reopening of schools have not included representatives of these children with special healthcare needs. As a result, these children’s needs are not being included in reopening plans, putting them at a higher risk level. The recent Maine Department of Education survey did not include questions about disability nor provided an option for families of children with disabilities and/or special health care needs to share their concerns. Even the National American Academy of Pediatrics statement about children and schools included only one statement about children with disabilities. This is extremely disturbing, as children with disabilities are likely to be most negatively impacted by COVID-19. These are some of the same children who receive services and supports that allow them to access their education. These services are often impossible to provide or are less effective remotely and are best provided by qualified professionals. The parents who have access to technology and the energy to try to be their child’s therapist as well as their parent and teacher still fall short, this does not account for families who are unable to provide access or support for many reasons. In both cases their children fall (farther) behind.
Where is the representation of these children in the conversations about community and school openings? Do these children not matter as much as other children?
Recently, the Maine Parent Federation asked the Department of Education to join the taskforce to develop Maine’s Framework for Returning to Classroom Instruction. A Department representative replied by email on July 8 that the taskforce “included many educational stakeholders with varied perspectives from special services, transportation, curriculum directors, health services, among many others. The draft framework is a work in progress. We are continuing to work with partners across the state and are strongly encouraging local conversations of parents with school leaders as they develop their local community plans.” They later encouraged Maine Parent Federation to participate in the survey. The taskforce lacked the parent with disability voice so, we can only assume, that they didn’t think about asking questions that will affect 23% of children in Maine.
The Autism Society of Maine, Maine Developmental Disabilities Council, and Maine Parent Federation receive private, state, and federal funds to advocate, in part, with, for, and on behalf of these children and their families. MDDC and MPF receive public funding to serve as representatives of parents, yet they have not even been invited into the discussion.
Students with disabilities need to be represented. If they are not represented in reopening plans, then their needs will not be met. At best, they will not get the education they need to thrive as contributing members of Maine communities. At worst, they will be at higher risk from Covid-19. This is a difficult time for all of us. For families of children with special healthcare needs, it is a particularly scary time.
So, we ask: why are 23% of students, those who are so much more likely to be negatively impacted by this pandemic, not being represented in re-opening decisions?
Thank you for your consideration,
 Maine Children with Special Healthcare Needs https://www.maine.gov/dhhs/mecdc/population-health/mch/documents/MAINE-CSHCN-HEALTH.pdf Accessed on July 14, 2020
 Harvard Medical School (July 2, 2020) Coronavirus Outbreak and K
ids: https://www.health.harvard.edu/diseases-and-conditions/coronavirus-outbreak-and-kids Accessed on July 14, 2020
 Turk, Margaret A et. al. (May 24, 2020) Intellectual and Developmental Disability and COVID-19 case – fatality trends https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1936657420300674?via%3Dihub Accessed on July 14, 2020
 Barsoum, Zakaria (May 19, 2020) Pediatric Asthma & Coronavirus (COVID-19) https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7235436/ Accessed on July 24, 2020
10 June 2020
The Maine Developmental Disabilities Council stands in solidarity with those peacefully protesting institutionalized racism against people of color in our country. We recognize and understand the anger and frustration that stems from centuries of oppressive policies and know that none of us are free until all of us are free. Black Lives Matter - systems that support racism must be dismantled.
Like people with developmental disabilities, people of color are at higher risk for contracting and dying from COVID-19 – the Maine Developmental Disabilities Council recognizes that we all must work to reduce disparities in access to care and disparities in health care outcomes.
Like people with developmental disabilities, people of color are at risk for an escalated response in an encounter with law enforcement – the Maine Developmental Disabilities Council believes that change begins with acknowledgement of risk, better training and more accountability.
Like people with developmental disabilities, people of color are more likely to live in poverty and lack access to safe housing, quality food, and effective education – we must all work to create equity and accessibility for all people.
While we see the interconnectedness around issues that affect all vulnerable populations, the Maine Developmental Disabilities Council believes that the blight of racism in our communities is one that needs specific remedies that call for the voices, stories, and leadership of people of color. Our hope is that our leaders and policy makers will listen to, learn from, welcome and support leaders with lived experience of racism to create real and lasting change towards a more just world.
The Maine Developmental Disabilities Council is committed to creating a Maine in which all people are valued and respected because we believe communities are stronger when everyone is included.
Click here for a pdf of this statement
The Maine Developmental Disabilities Council is very concerned about the treatment of people with developmental disabilities during this pandemic. One of our particular concerns is around equitable access for people with developmental disabilities to healthcare right now - making sure that they can get the accommodations they need to understand their doctors and their options, and pushing back against a culture that does not always value the lives of people with developmental disabilities.
Our executive director, Nancy Cronin, recently sent this letter to the head of the Maine CDC, Dr. Shah, explaining our concerns and pushing for clear guidance from leaders on providing adequate care to people with developmental disabilities - please click here to read it.